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Add citations and a bibliography
You can add citations and a bibliography to your Google Doc with these styles:
- MLA (8th ed.)
- APA (7th ed.)
- Chicago Author-Date (17th ed.)
Important: The citations tool is available in all languages, but the elements the tool generates in your document only appear in English at this time. For example:
- A book title you enter in the citations tool appears in the language you entered it.
- The “Bibliography” heading, “edited by,” and other elements generated by the citations tool appear in English regardless of your language in Google Docs.
You can translate auto-generated elements to another language after you insert them in your document.
- In the sidebar, select your formatting style from MLA , APA , or Chicago Author-Date .
Add a citation source and related details
- In the Citations sidebar, under your selected style, click + Add citation source .
- Select your source type.
- You can use a URL to search for websites or online newspapers, or use an ISBN number to search for books.
- Recommended fields include a blue asterisk.
- To add multiple contributors, click + Contributor.
- You can indicate if a contributor is an organization, such as a company.
- Click Add citation source .
Learn more about how to add and edit sources .
Insert an in-text citation
- In the Citations sidebar, hover over the source you want to cite.
- A Cite button appears on the side of the citation source.
- The source appears in your selected style within the text of your document.
- If a “#” appears in the text of your document, delete it or replace it with the page number(s) for your citation.
Edit a citation source
- At the bottom of the sidebar, click Save source .
Delete a citation source
Insert a bibliography.
- In your document, place your cursor where you want the bibliography to appear.
- In the Citations sidebar at the bottom, click Insert bibliography. A bibliography appears in your selected style.
- Add and edit sources
- See and use suggested content in a document
- Correct your spelling & grammar in Google Docs
- Count the words in a document
- Search and use find and replace
Need more help?
Try these next steps:.
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How to Do MLA Format on Google Docs
Get more done in less time
In This Article
Jump to a Section
What Is MLA Format?
- Step-by-Step: Use an MLA Format Template in Docs
- Extra: How to Do MLA Format on Docs
How to Set MLA Works Cited in Google Docs
How to create a hanging indent in google docs.
If you use your Google Drive for schoolwork, you should know how to do MLA format on Google Docs . There is a Google Docs template you can use, but it helps to know how to set up MLA format manually as well.
Instructions in this article apply to the web version of Google Docs. The steps are the same for all web browsers and operating systems .
While your instructor may have specific requirements, the general guidelines for MLA format are as follows:
- Size 12 Times New Roman font
- Double-spaced text with no extra spaces between paragraphs
- One-inch page margins on all sides
- A header with your last name and a page number in the top-right of every page
- Your full name, the instructor's name, the course name, and the due date in the top-left of the first page
- A centered title above the body text
- Body paragraphs begin with a 1/2 inch indent
- A Works Cited page at the end of the paper
How to Use an MLA Format Template in Google Docs
Google Docs has some templates available that can help users get a jump on formatting documents. The Google Docs Report MLA add-on is one such template. To set up MLA in Google Docs using this template:
Open a new document and select File > New > From template .
The template gallery will open in a separate browser tab. Scroll down to the Education section and select Report MLA Add-on .
There are also templates for other academic styles such as APA.
A new document will open with dummy text that you can replace with your own. The formatting for the document will already be in place. You won't need to change anything but the words.
How to Do MLA Format on Docs
If you don't trust using a template, or if you have an altered version of MLA format you must stick to, then you can also set up MLA format in Google Docs manually. Once you've set it up, you can also save it as your own, customized template so you don't have to do it again the next time you need the format.
Change the font to Times New Roman and the font size to 12 .
Google Docs uses 1-inch margins on all sides by default, so there is no need to adjust the margins.
Select Insert > Headers & footers > Header .
If you want to remove the headers from your Google Doc later, it's a simple process if you're using Google Docs in a web browser. A little harder if you're using Google Docs on an iOS and Android mobile device
Note that the font for the header changes back to the default. Change it to 12 point Times New Roman , then select Right Align .
Type your last name followed by a space, then select Insert > Page numbers .
Adjust your Page numbers options as needed and then select Apply .
Click or tap anywhere below the header, then select Format > Line Spacing > Double .
Alternatively, you can click the Line spacing icon in the toolbar at the top of the page and choose Double .
Type your name , the instructor's name , the course name , and the due date on separate lines.
Press Enter to go to the next line, then select Center Align and type the title of your paper .
Capitalize the first letter of every major word. Do not use bold, italics, or other text formatting options.
Press Enter to go to the next line, then select Left Align .
Press the Tab key to indent, then start typing your first paragraph. Begin every new paragraph with an indent.
After you finish the body of your paper, select Insert > Break > Page Break to create a blank page for the Works Cited page.
The last page of your paper should begin with the words “Works Cited” (without quotation marks) centered below the heading. The format for each works cited entry is different depending on the format of the source. For example, use this format for articles found on the web:
- Author name (last, first). "Title." Publication, Date (day, month, year). URL. Accessed date.
Therefore, an entry for an online news article may appear as follows:
- Kelion, Leo. "Coronavirus: UK contact-tracing app is ready for Isle of Wight downloads." BBC News, 4, May, 2020. https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-52532435 . Accessed 8 May 2020.
Sources should be alphabetized by the author's last name. All works cited entries should have a hanging indent , which means that each line after the first is indented.
For specific examples of how to put different types of sources in MLA format, visit the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) website .
To get a hanging indent in Google Docs for your Works Cited page:
Highlight all of the text on your Works Cited page and select Format > Align & Indent > Indentation options .
In the Indention options dialog box select Hanging from the Special indent dropdown box and then select Apply .
The default ident of 0.5 inches is acceptable for MLA style.
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Home / Guides / Citation Guides / How to Cite Sources / How to Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in APA, MLA or Chicago
How to Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in APA, MLA or Chicago
Let’s be honest: Sometimes the best information for a paper comes straight from a professor’s PowerPoint presentation. But did you know that source needs to be cited?
Whether you’re making use of your instructor’s lecture materials or pulling information from a Powerpoint found online, you need to make sure to cite your sources if you use information from it in a project or paper.
Here’s a run -t hrough of everything this page includes:
- Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in MLA format
- Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in APA format
- Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in Chicago Style
By now, you’re probably familiar with how to cite websites, books or journal articles, but not as knowledgeable about how to cite a Powerpoint presentation. In actuality, citing PowerPoint presentations aren’t all that different from citing written materials, so don’t let yourself be phased! It’s not too hard and compiling an MLA works cited or APA reference page doesn’t take too long—each one should take just a few minutes to create.
To help you with the process, we’ve put together a handy guide demonstrating how to cite a PowerPoint presentation in three commonly used citation styles: MLA, APA and Chicago.
Let’s start by looking for basic information you’ll need for the citation.
Information you may need to cite a PowerPoint Presentation:
- Author or authors of the presentation
- Presentation title
- Date of publication/presentation
- Place of publication/where the presentation was given
- URL (if used to locate the presentation)
Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in MLA format:
MLA format citation structure:
Author Last Name, First Name. Presentation Title. Month Year, URL. PowerPoint Presentation.
Example citation :
Park, Lisa. Effective Working Teams . Jan. 2011, https://www.company.meetings/teams. PowerPoint Presentation.
In-text citation structure:
Example in-text citation:
Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in APA format:
APA reference structure:
Author or Presenter Last Name, Middle Initial. First Initial. (Date of publication). Title of presentation [PowerPoint presentation]. Conference Name, Location. URL
Park, L. (2011, March 24-28). Effective working teams [PowerPoint presentation]. Regional Dairy Workers National Conference, New York, NY, United States. https://www.company.meetings/teams
Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in Chicago Style:
Chicago citation structure:
Author Last Name, First Name. “Presentation Title.” Lecture, Location of Lecture, Month Day, Year.
Park, Lisa. “Effective Working Teams.” Lecture, The Plaza Hotel, New York, NY, January 11, 2011.
Solution #1: how to cite a powerpoint that has multiple authors..
For a presentation with multiple authors, list the authors alphabetically by last name for the full reference citation. The citation will list each author by Last Name, First Initial.
If the PowerPoint has just two authors, separate them with a comma and an ampersand (&). If the PowerPoint has more than two authors, list the authors separated by commas.
Felner, D., & Nguy, A. (2021 April 10-12). The history of Claymation [Slideshow]. Animation Now, Los Angeles, CA, United States.
Felner, D., Nguy, A., Becham, G. (2021 April 10-12). The history of Claymation [Slideshow]. Animation Now, Los Angeles, CA, United States.
For an in-text citation for two authors, give both surnames separated by an ampersand (&) followed by a comma and the year of publication or presentation.
For an in-text citation for three or more authors, list the first author’s surname followed by “et al.” followed by a comma and the year of publication or presentation.
In-text citation examples:
(Felner & Nguy, 2021)
(Felner et al., 2021)
For a PowerPoint with two presenters or authors, include both names in the full works-cited citation. The names need to be written as follows: First presenter’s Last Name, First Name, and then the second presenter’s First Name and Last Name.
For an in-text citation, simply list the surnames of both presenters.
In-text citation example:
(Nguy and Felner)
Work-cited entry example:
Nguy, Anna and Dominic Felner. The History of Claymation. Apr. 2021. PowerPoint Presentation.
For a PowerPoint with three or more presenters, only list one presenter’s name followed by a comma and “et al.”
For an in-text citation for three or more authors or presenters , list the surname given in the full works-cited citation followed by “et al.”
(Nguy et al.)
Nguy, Anna et al. The History of Claymation. Apr. 2021. PowerPoint Presentation.
Solution #2 How to cite a slideshow that wasn’t made with PowerPoint
If making a full works-cited citation for a slideshow that was made with another program other than PowerPoint, include the medium in brackets instead of PowerPoint.
If the presentation is not in PowerPoint, and you can’t determine what software was used, include the word “slideshow” in brackets in place of PowerPoint.
Nguy, A. (2021 April 10-12). The history of Claymation [Prezi presentation]. Animation Now, Los Angeles, CA, United States.
Nguy, A. (2021 April 10-12). The history of Claymation [Slideshow]. Animation Now, Los Angeles, CA, United States.
The in-text citation will be formatted like any other APA in-text citation (author last name, year).
At the end of your full works-cited citation, include the program the slideshow was made with, formatted as: ______ Presentation.
If you are uncertain of the program used, end your citation with “slideshow” followed by a period. Nguy, Anna. The history of Claymation. Apr. 2021. Prezi Presentation. Nguy, Anna. The history of Claymation . Apr. 2021. Slideshow.
The in-text citation will be formatted like any other MLA in-text citation (author last name).
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Updated April 26, 2021.
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To cite PowerPoint presentation slides, include the author name, year/date of presentation, the title, the source description, the website and/or university name, and the URL where the source can be found.
If the PowerPoint presentation is not accessible to the reader, cite the slides as personal communication.
If you want to cite a PowerPoint in MLA or APA style, you need to have basic information including the name of the author(s), title of the presentation, date and place of publication, and URL. For in-text citations, you need to include only the author name(s) in MLA style and author name(s) and year in APA style.
APA in-text citations
(Author Surname, publication year)
MLA in-text citations
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MLA Citation Guide (9th Edition): Powerpoint Presentations
- What Kind of Source Is This?
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- Interviews and Emails (Personal Communications)
- Journal Articles
- Magazine Articles
- Newspaper Articles
- Primary Sources
- Religious Texts
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- In-Text Citation
- Works Quoted in Another Source
- No Author, No Date etc.
- Works Cited List & Sample Paper
- Annotated Bibliography
- Powerpoint Presentations
On this Page
Powerpoint presentations - what do i need to cite, powerpoint presentations - where do my citations go, other digital assignments - where do my citations go.
What am I legally required to cite in my digital assignment?
According to the Copyright Act, you must cite the sources (images, videos, books, websites, etc.) that you used in your digital assignment ( 29.21(1)(b) ). You must cite the source (where you got the information from) and the creator of the content (if available). You must also make sure that any copyrighted materials you used in your assignment meet the conditions set out in section 29.21 of the Copyright Act. For a list of conditions and more information, please visit: http://studentcopyright.wordpress.com/mashups/
What citation style do I use for the sources in my digital assignment?
There is no one required citation style, so please defer to your instructor's directions and citation style preference.
List your sources in a slide at the end of the Powerpoint presentation, with in-text citations throughout your presentation as applicable.
You could also provide a print copy of the sources you used to those attending your presentation.
Seneca Libraries has the following recommendations for how to organize your list of sources for digital assignments. Please check with your instructor first:
Videos you create:
List your sources in a credits screen at the end of the video.
Websites you create:
- For images, include a citation under each image using this format “From: XXXX” and then make the image a link back to the original image ( example - picture of little girl). Or list the citation at the bottom of the web page.
- For quotes or material from other sources, include an in-text citation that links back to the original material ( example – second paragraph).
Images you create:
If possible list your sources at the bottom or side of the image ( example ). Otherwise, include a list of citations alongside the image wherever it’s uploaded (e.g. Flickr, Blackboard).
**Please note that the above are recommendations only and your instructor may have a preference and directions for how and where you list your sources for your assignment.**
If you don't receive specific instructions from your instructor, try to include your citations in a way that doesn't impact the design of your digital assignment.
For more information please contact Seneca Libraries copyright team at [email protected]
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- Last Updated: Nov 7, 2023 5:26 PM
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Purdue Online Writing Lab Purdue OWL® College of Liberal Arts
MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics
Welcome to the Purdue OWL
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MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (9 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.
Guidelines for referring to the works of others in your text using MLA style are covered throughout the MLA Handbook and in chapter 7 of the MLA Style Manual . Both books provide extensive examples, so it's a good idea to consult them if you want to become even more familiar with MLA guidelines or if you have a particular reference question.
Basic in-text citation rules
In MLA Style, referring to the works of others in your text is done using parenthetical citations . This method involves providing relevant source information in parentheses whenever a sentence uses a quotation or paraphrase. Usually, the simplest way to do this is to put all of the source information in parentheses at the end of the sentence (i.e., just before the period). However, as the examples below will illustrate, there are situations where it makes sense to put the parenthetical elsewhere in the sentence, or even to leave information out.
- The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends (1) upon the source medium (e.g. print, web, DVD) and (2) upon the source’s entry on the Works Cited page.
- Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page. More specifically, whatever signal word or phrase you provide to your readers in the text must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry on the Works Cited page.
In-text citations: Author-page style
MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence. For example:
Both citations in the examples above, (263) and (Wordsworth 263), tell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page 263 of a work by an author named Wordsworth. If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information:
Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads . Oxford UP, 1967.
In-text citations for print sources with known author
For print sources like books, magazines, scholarly journal articles, and newspapers, provide a signal word or phrase (usually the author’s last name) and a page number. If you provide the signal word/phrase in the sentence, you do not need to include it in the parenthetical citation.
These examples must correspond to an entry that begins with Burke, which will be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of an entry on the Works Cited page:
Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method . University of California Press, 1966.
In-text citations for print sources by a corporate author
When a source has a corporate author, it is acceptable to use the name of the corporation followed by the page number for the in-text citation. You should also use abbreviations (e.g., nat'l for national) where appropriate, so as to avoid interrupting the flow of reading with overly long parenthetical citations.
In-text citations for sources with non-standard labeling systems
If a source uses a labeling or numbering system other than page numbers, such as a script or poetry, precede the citation with said label. When citing a poem, for instance, the parenthetical would begin with the word “line”, and then the line number or range. For example, the examination of William Blake’s poem “The Tyger” would be cited as such:
The speaker makes an ardent call for the exploration of the connection between the violence of nature and the divinity of creation. “In what distant deeps or skies. / Burnt the fire of thine eyes," they ask in reference to the tiger as they attempt to reconcile their intimidation with their relationship to creationism (lines 5-6).
Longer labels, such as chapters (ch.) and scenes (sc.), should be abbreviated.
In-text citations for print sources with no known author
When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name, following these guidelines.
Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work (such as an article) or italicize it if it's a longer work (e.g. plays, books, television shows, entire Web sites) and provide a page number if it is available.
Titles longer than a standard noun phrase should be shortened into a noun phrase by excluding articles. For example, To the Lighthouse would be shortened to Lighthouse .
If the title cannot be easily shortened into a noun phrase, the title should be cut after the first clause, phrase, or punctuation:
In this example, since the reader does not know the author of the article, an abbreviated title appears in the parenthetical citation, and the full title of the article appears first at the left-hand margin of its respective entry on the Works Cited page. Thus, the writer includes the title in quotation marks as the signal phrase in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader directly to the source on the Works Cited page. The Works Cited entry appears as follows:
"The Impact of Global Warming in North America." Global Warming: Early Signs . 1999. www.climatehotmap.org/. Accessed 23 Mar. 2009.
If the title of the work begins with a quotation mark, such as a title that refers to another work, that quote or quoted title can be used as the shortened title. The single quotation marks must be included in the parenthetical, rather than the double quotation.
Parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages, used in conjunction, allow readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work.
Author-page citation for classic and literary works with multiple editions
Page numbers are always required, but additional citation information can help literary scholars, who may have a different edition of a classic work, like Marx and Engels's The Communist Manifesto . In such cases, give the page number of your edition (making sure the edition is listed in your Works Cited page, of course) followed by a semicolon, and then the appropriate abbreviations for volume (vol.), book (bk.), part (pt.), chapter (ch.), section (sec.), or paragraph (par.). For example:
Author-page citation for works in an anthology, periodical, or collection
When you cite a work that appears inside a larger source (for instance, an article in a periodical or an essay in a collection), cite the author of the internal source (i.e., the article or essay). For example, to cite Albert Einstein's article "A Brief Outline of the Theory of Relativity," which was published in Nature in 1921, you might write something like this:
See also our page on documenting periodicals in the Works Cited .
Citing authors with same last names
Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken. For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials (or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials) in your citation. For example:
Citing a work by multiple authors
For a source with two authors, list the authors’ last names in the text or in the parenthetical citation:
Corresponding Works Cited entry:
Best, David, and Sharon Marcus. “Surface Reading: An Introduction.” Representations , vol. 108, no. 1, Fall 2009, pp. 1-21. JSTOR, doi:10.1525/rep.2009.108.1.1
For a source with three or more authors, list only the first author’s last name, and replace the additional names with et al.
Franck, Caroline, et al. “Agricultural Subsidies and the American Obesity Epidemic.” American Journal of Preventative Medicine , vol. 45, no. 3, Sept. 2013, pp. 327-333.
Citing multiple works by the same author
If you cite more than one work by an author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks.
Citing two articles by the same author :
Citing two books by the same author :
Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, and, when appropriate, the page number(s):
Citing multivolume works
If you cite from different volumes of a multivolume work, always include the volume number followed by a colon. Put a space after the colon, then provide the page number(s). (If you only cite from one volume, provide only the page number in parentheses.)
Citing the Bible
In your first parenthetical citation, you want to make clear which Bible you're using (and underline or italicize the title), as each version varies in its translation, followed by book (do not italicize or underline), chapter, and verse. For example:
If future references employ the same edition of the Bible you’re using, list only the book, chapter, and verse in the parenthetical citation:
John of Patmos echoes this passage when describing his vision (Rev. 4.6-8).
Citing indirect sources
Sometimes you may have to use an indirect source. An indirect source is a source cited within another source. For such indirect quotations, use "qtd. in" to indicate the source you actually consulted. For example:
Note that, in most cases, a responsible researcher will attempt to find the original source, rather than citing an indirect source.
Citing transcripts, plays, or screenplays
Sources that take the form of a dialogue involving two or more participants have special guidelines for their quotation and citation. Each line of dialogue should begin with the speaker's name written in all capitals and indented half an inch. A period follows the name (e.g., JAMES.) . After the period, write the dialogue. Each successive line after the first should receive an additional indentation. When another person begins speaking, start a new line with that person's name indented only half an inch. Repeat this pattern each time the speaker changes. You can include stage directions in the quote if they appear in the original source.
Conclude with a parenthetical that explains where to find the excerpt in the source. Usually, the author and title of the source can be given in a signal phrase before quoting the excerpt, so the concluding parenthetical will often just contain location information like page numbers or act/scene indicators.
Here is an example from O'Neill's The Iceman Cometh.
WILLIE. (Pleadingly) Give me a drink, Rocky. Harry said it was all right. God, I need a drink.
ROCKY. Den grab it. It's right under your nose.
WILLIE. (Avidly) Thanks. (He takes the bottle with both twitching hands and tilts it to his lips and gulps down the whiskey in big swallows.) (1.1)
Citing non-print or sources from the Internet
With more and more scholarly work published on the Internet, you may have to cite sources you found in digital environments. While many sources on the Internet should not be used for scholarly work (reference the OWL's Evaluating Sources of Information resource), some Web sources are perfectly acceptable for research. When creating in-text citations for electronic, film, or Internet sources, remember that your citation must reference the source on your Works Cited page.
Sometimes writers are confused with how to craft parenthetical citations for electronic sources because of the absence of page numbers. However, these sorts of entries often do not require a page number in the parenthetical citation. For electronic and Internet sources, follow the following guidelines:
- Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation (e.g. author name, article name, website name, film name).
- Do not provide paragraph numbers or page numbers based on your Web browser’s print preview function.
- Unless you must list the Web site name in the signal phrase in order to get the reader to the appropriate entry, do not include URLs in-text. Only provide partial URLs such as when the name of the site includes, for example, a domain name, like CNN.com or Forbes.com, as opposed to writing out http://www.cnn.com or http://www.forbes.com.
Miscellaneous non-print sources
Two types of non-print sources you may encounter are films and lectures/presentations:
In the two examples above “Herzog” (a film’s director) and “Yates” (a presentor) lead the reader to the first item in each citation’s respective entry on the Works Cited page:
Herzog, Werner, dir. Fitzcarraldo . Perf. Klaus Kinski. Filmverlag der Autoren, 1982.
Yates, Jane. "Invention in Rhetoric and Composition." Gaps Addressed: Future Work in Rhetoric and Composition, CCCC, Palmer House Hilton, 2002. Address.
Electronic sources may include web pages and online news or magazine articles:
In the first example (an online magazine article), the writer has chosen not to include the author name in-text; however, two entries from the same author appear in the Works Cited. Thus, the writer includes both the author’s last name and the article title in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader to the appropriate entry on the Works Cited page (see below).
In the second example (a web page), a parenthetical citation is not necessary because the page does not list an author, and the title of the article, “MLA Formatting and Style Guide,” is used as a signal phrase within the sentence. If the title of the article was not named in the sentence, an abbreviated version would appear in a parenthetical citation at the end of the sentence. Both corresponding Works Cited entries are as follows:
Taylor, Rumsey. "Fitzcarraldo." Slant , 13 Jun. 2003, www.slantmagazine.com/film/review/fitzcarraldo/. Accessed 29 Sep. 2009.
"MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The Purdue OWL , 2 Aug. 2016, owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/. Accessed 2 April 2018.
To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:
Time-based media sources
When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference. For example: (00:02:15-00:02:35).
When a citation is not needed
Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources. You do not need to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations, or common knowledge (For example, it is expected that U.S. citizens know that George Washington was the first President.). Remember that citing sources is a rhetorical task, and, as such, can vary based on your audience. If you’re writing for an expert audience of a scholarly journal, for example, you may need to deal with expectations of what constitutes “common knowledge” that differ from common norms.
The MLA Handbook describes how to cite many different kinds of authors and content creators. However, you may occasionally encounter a source or author category that the handbook does not describe, making the best way to proceed can be unclear.
In these cases, it's typically acceptable to apply the general principles of MLA citation to the new kind of source in a way that's consistent and sensible. A good way to do this is to simply use the standard MLA directions for a type of source that resembles the source you want to cite.
You may also want to investigate whether a third-party organization has provided directions for how to cite this kind of source. For example, Norquest College provides guidelines for citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers —an author category that does not appear in the MLA Handbook . In cases like this, however, it's a good idea to ask your instructor or supervisor whether using third-party citation guidelines might present problems.
How do I cite a slide presentation uploaded by an instructor to a learning management system?
Note: This post relates to content in the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook . For up-to-date guidance, see the ninth edition of the MLA Handbook .
Cite a slide presentation uploaded by an instructor to a learning management system the same way you would cite any material posted to a website. Follow the MLA format template .
List the author of the presentation and the presentation’s title. Then list the name of the learning management system as the container, followed by the publication details. For clarity, you may list the format as an optional element at the end of the entry:
Carson, Sandy. Introduction to Digital Humanities . Blackboard , uploaded by Carson, 20 Oct. 2019, blackboard.ucla.edu/. PowerPoint presentation.
In the example above, the instructor—Sandy Carson—both created the presentation and uploaded it to Blackboard. Since her full name is given in the Author element, only her last name is given in the Contributor element.
Read more on citing slide presentations on the web and material uploaded by an instructor to a course .
- Google Drive
Google Slides: How to Use Citations?
- by Nikhil Azza
- March 22, 2022 March 23, 2022
Google Slides is an excellent online presentation tool. This free tool works directly out of a browser without any additional software. Perhaps this is the best feature of Google Slides. Its cloud-based system facilitates sharing and collaboration. Like all presentation tools, it allows users to add different elements like texts, images, videos, audio, link, etc. Users can choose from countless themes, fonts, and create amazing presentations easily.
This utilitarian tool allows users to add citations however there is no specific feature for this function. While some may think adding citations is a lengthy and time-consuming process, it is actually untrue. This guide has all the details about citations in Google Slides.
What are citations?
A citation is a mention of the information source that was utilized in your research. Any in-text reference should be used whenever someone’s ideas are used/presented in the research.
Citing Sources in Google Slides
In Google Slides, citations cannot be added directly unlike other platforms like Google Docs where it has a dedicated citation feature. To cite sources in Google Slides, users can use two methods. These methods are simple and straightforward.
Method 1: Citing sources using links
In Google Slides, users can mention the sources that they have used with the help of links. While this is not ideal, it is worth noting that Google Slides is not really used for formal research works. Please keep in mind that it is a presentation tool.
Step 1: Go to the Google Slides presentation you are working on.
Step 2: Go to the slide you want to cite the source in.
Step 3: Select the piece of text you want to cite the source for and click on the ‘ Insert Link ’ icon located in the toolbar at the top. You can also go to the ‘ Insert’ tab and select ‘Link’ to add the link.
Step 4: Type in or paste the URL of the source you want to cite. Click on ‘Apply’. The link will be added and clicking on it will take you to the source website.
You can also cite images in Google Slides in the same way.
This is the easiest way to cite a source in Google Slides.
M ethod 2: Citing Sources using Hanging Indents
Hanging indents can be created to add MLA-style citations in Google Slides. It is a slightly longer process since users have to manually create MLA-style indents.
Step 2: Go to the slide you want to cite the source in. Enter/Paste the sources you want to cite in the slide.
Step 3: Place your cursor right at the beginning of the second line of the citation and hit the Backspace key to eliminate the space between the two lines. Next, hold down the Shift key and hit the Enter key. Finally, hit the Tab key and the hanging indent will be created. This is now an MLA-style citation.
You can repeat this multiple times to add multiple citations. While this is a bit tiresome, it gets the job done.
Thus, adding citations in Google Slides is not a difficult task. Users can add citations in different styles but only using different tricks since it does not have a dedicated citation tool. If you found this guide helpful then be sure to let us know!
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Generate accurate MLA citations for free
- Knowledge Base
Student's Guide to MLA Style (2021) | Citation & Format
To cite sources in MLA style, you need
- In-text citations that give the author’s last name and a page number.
- A list of Works Cited that gives full details of every source.
Make sure your paper also adheres to MLA format : one-inch margins, double spacing, and indented paragraphs, with an MLA style heading on the first page.
You can create citations automatically with our free MLA Citation Generator . Enter a URL, DOI , or ISBN, and the generator will retrieve the necessary information.
Table of contents
Mla works cited list, the nine core elements of mla citations, mla in-text citations, free lecture slides, frequently asked questions about mla style.
The Works Cited list is where you give full details of all sources you have cited in the text. Other citation styles sometimes call this the “reference list” or “bibliography.” An annotated bibliography is slightly different.
Author . “Source Title.” Container Title , Other contributors , Version , Number , Publisher , Publication date , Location .
Prevent plagiarism. Run a free check.
Begin each source entry with the name of the author(s) or creator(s). The name of the first author is always inverted (Last name, First name).
When a source has two authors, the second author’s name is shown in the normal order (First name Last name).
For sources with three or more authors, state only the first author’s name, followed by “ et al. ”
The author of a source is not necessarily a person; it can also be an organization. If so, simply use the name of the organization.
However, if the organization is both the author and publisher , start with the title of the source instead.
MLA author element
Always include the full title of the source, including subtitles (separated by a colon and space).
Use title case —capitalize all words apart from conjunctions , prepositions , and articles . If there is no title, give a short description of the source, with normal sentence case capitalization.
The styling of the title depends on the type of source:
- Italics when the source is self-contained (e.g. a whole book, movie or website).
- Quotation marks when the source is part of a larger whole (e.g. a chapter of a book , a page on a website, or an article in a journal).
- No styling when describing a source without a title.
A container is the larger work that the source you’re citing appears in. For example, a chapter is part of a book, a page is part of a website, and an article is part of a journal.
If the source you’re citing is a self-contained whole (e.g. a whole book), leave out this element.
The container title is always italicized.
Elements 3 (container title) to 9 (location) all provide information about the container.
Sources with two containers
A source can also have two containers. If you watched an episode of a TV show on Netflix, the show title is the first container and Netflix is the second container. If you accessed a journal article through the database JSTOR, the journal name is the first container and JSTOR is the second container.
In most cases, only the title and location (often the URL or DOI ) of the second container are included in the source entry. This is because databases like JSTOR don’t have relevant contributors, versions, publishers, or publication dates.
- Datta, Hannes, et al. “The Challenge of Retaining Customers Acquired with Free Trials”. Journal of Marketing Research , vol. 52, no. 2, Apr. 2015, pp. 217–234. JSTOR , www.jstor.org/stable/43832354.
Pay attention to the punctuation. The author and source title elements each end with a period. Elements within a container are separated by commas, and a period is used to close the container.
4. Other contributors
Contributors are added right after the container title and always end with a comma. Use a description like “translated by,” “directed by,” or “illustrated by” to indicate the role of the contributor. For example:
- Latour, Bruno. Politics of Nature: How to Bring the Sciences into Democracy . Translated by Catherine Porter, Harvard UP, 2004.
When a source has three or more contributors with the same role, include the name of the first contributor followed by “et al.”
If there are no other relevant contributors, leave out this element.
When there is more than one version of a source, you should include the version you used. For example, a second-edition book , an expanded version of a collection, or a director’s cut of a movie would require the version to be included:
- Porter, Michael E. Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors . 2nd ed. , Simon and Schuster, 1998.
- Columbus, Chris, director. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . director’s cut, Warner Bros., 2002.
Sources such as journal articles (“vol. 18”), magazines (“no. 25”) and TV shows (“season 3, episode 5”) are often numbered. If your source has numbered parts, include this in the source entry:
- Wieseke, Jan, et al. “Willing to Pay More, Eager to Pay Less: The Role of Customer Loyalty in Price Negotiations.” Journal of Marketing , vol. 68, no. 6, 2014, pp. 17–37.
It is also possible for a source to have an edition, volume, and number. Just separate them using commas.
Book and movie citations always include the publisher element. The publisher is the company responsible for producing and distributing the source—usually a book publisher (e.g. Macmillan or Oxford UP ) or a movie production company (e.g. Paramount Pictures or Warner Bros ).
Note that “University Press” is abbreviated to “UP” in a Works Cited entry. For example, the University of Minnesota Press becomes “U of Minnesota P”; Oxford University Press becomes “Oxford UP.”
When not to add a publisher Sometimes the publisher is already included elsewhere in the source entry, such as in the container title or author element. For example, the publisher of a website is often the same as the website name. In this case, omit the publisher element.
You generally don’t need to include a publisher for the following source types:
- Newspapers and magazines
- Platforms like YouTube, Netflix, or JSTOR
8. Publication date
When available, always include the publication year . If you also know the month, day, or even time of publication, you can include this if it helps the reader to locate the source. Date ranges are also possible. For example:
- 25 Jan. 2019
- 14 Aug. 2017, 4:45 p.m.
- Jan. 2017–Apr. 2018
Multiple publication dates If there is more than one publication date, use the one that is most relevant to your research and take the date of the edition that you have used.
No date When a source does not state a publication date, add the date on which you accessed the information. For example: Accessed 22 Sep. 2018 .
What you include in the location element depends on the type of source you are citing:
- Book chapter : Page range of the chapter (e.g. pp. 164–180. )
- Web page : URL, without “https://” (e.g. www.scribbr.com/mla-style/quick-guide/. )
- Journal article : DOI , with “https://”—or stable URL, without: (e.g. https://doi.org/10.1080/02626667.2018.1560449. or www.jstor.org/stable/43832354. )
- Physical object or live event : Name of the location and city (e.g. Moscone Center, San Francisco. or The Museum of Modern Art, New York. )
MLA in-text citations are brief references in the body of your document which direct your reader to the full reference in the Works Cited list. You must include an in-text citation whenever you quote or paraphrase a source.
A standard MLA in-text citation includes the author’s last name and a page number in parentheses. The page number refers to the exact location of the quote or information that you are citing:
- 66% of voters disagree with the policy (Smith 13) .
If the author is already named in the sentence, you only need to include the page number in parentheses:
- According to Smith , 66% of voters disagree with the policy (13) .
For a source with two authors, include the last names of both authors. If a source has three or more authors, only include the last name of the first author, followed by “et al.” if in parentheses or “and colleagues” if in the text.
- Smith and Morrison claim that “MLA is the second most popular citation style” (17) .
- According to Reynolds and colleagues , social and demographic circumstances still have a major effect on job prospects (17–19) .
If a source does not state a specific author, the in-text citation should match the first word(s) of the Works Cited entry, whether that’s an organization name or the source title.
Format titles the same as they appear in the Works Cited, with italics or quotation marks. Use the full title if mentioned in the text itself, but an abbreviated title if included in parentheses.
- The article “New Ways to Slow Down Global Warming” claims that . . . (4).
- Reducing carbon emissions slows down climate change (“New Ways” 4) .
No page number
If a source has no page numbers, but is divided into numbered sections (e.g. chapters or numbered paragraphs), use these instead:
- Morrison has shown that there is a great need for . . . (par. 38) .
- Reynolds devotes a chapter to the rise of poverty in some states in the US (ch. 6) .
For audiovisual sources (such as YouTube videos ), use a timestamp:
- In his recent video, Smith argues that climate change should be the main political priority of all governments today (03:15–05:21) .
If there is no numbering system in the original source, include only the author’s name in your citation.
Are you a teacher or professor looking to introduce your students to MLA style? Download our free introductory lecture slides, available for Google Slides and Microsoft PowerPoint.
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MLA Style is the second most used citation style (after APA ). It is mainly used by students and researchers in humanities fields such as literature, languages, and philosophy.
The MLA Handbook is currently in its 9th edition , published in 2021.
This quick guide to MLA style explains the latest guidelines for citing sources and formatting papers according to MLA.
A standard MLA Works Cited entry is structured as follows:
Only include information that is available for and relevant to your source.
The fastest and most accurate way to create MLA citations is by using Scribbr’s MLA Citation Generator .
Search by book title, page URL, or journal DOI to automatically generate flawless citations, or cite manually using the simple citation forms.
If information about your source is not available, you can either leave it out of the MLA citation or replace it with something else, depending on the type of information.
- No author : Start with the source title.
- No title : Provide a description of the source.
- No date : Provide an access date for online sources; omit for other sources.
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What is your plagiarism score?
Gladhill Learning Commons FAQ: Citations
How do i cite powerpoint/google slides lectures using the apa format.
If the PowerPoint/Google Slides lecture was uploaded to a course management site, like Blackboard, the general format for your references list would be:
Instructor's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if given. (Year, Month Day Presentation was created). Title of presentation: Subtitle if applicable [type of presentation]. Course management system. URL of login page for course management system.
Sloan, C. (2020, May 20). Crafting an argument [PowerPoint slides]. Blackboard. https:// frederick.blackboard.com/
If the PowerPoint/Google Slides lecture is posted on a website, use the following format:
Instructor's Lastname, First Initial. Second Initial if given. (Year, Month Day Presentation was created). Title of presentation: Subtitle if applicable [type of presentation] . Publisher. URL
Sloan, C. (2020, May 20). Crafting an argument [PowerPoint slides]. SlideShare. https://www.slideshare.net/fictionalurl
The in-text citations for both of these example would be the same:
(Sloan, 2020, Slide 4)
If the PowerPoint/Google Slides is not available online, you can cite it as personal communication. To do this, you would only cite it in-text and would leave it out of your references list.
Creating an outline is key to crafting a well-formed argument (C. Sloan, personal communication, May 25, 2020).
OWL at Purdue- APA Format
APA Style Blog
- Last Updated Jun 11, 2020
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- Answered By Patty Hude
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How to use google docs explore tool.
Explore keeps everything you need to research in one place
When doing research, having multiple tabs open at once can be confusing. Google Docs' Explore feature compiles your resources into one place. It finds relevant information online or in your Google Drive and brings it into Docs. You control the content, such as the topics, research, and images. It's the power of research at your fingertips, neatly organized in Google Docs' Explore feature.
Since most Google Workspace apps are interoperable, Explore exists in Google Sheets and Slides. You can also use it on your favorite iOS devices, Android phones and tablets, and computers. It's a great tool on the tablets kids can use for school assignments. If you frequently experience writer's block or lack sufficient information, this feature helps you come up with ideas. Here's how to make the most of the Explore tool in Google Docs.
What does the Explore tool do in Google Docs?
The Explore tool in Google Docs is a quick access feature that helps you search the web or your Google Drive when researching. If you type enough text in Docs, the tool's icon automatically appears in the lower-right corner of your screen and offers tips for improving your document . The icon doesn't appear when your document is scanty or empty and may need to highlight your entire document or sections. This action makes the tool scan those parts and offer suggestions.
Click the icon or access it via keyboard command to open a panel on the right side to view the internet, images, and Drive materials. Selecting a search result or Drive content expands it in a new tab, so you can't instantly insert it into your document. You can only insert images from the tool.
On the mobile app for Android and iPhone, the feature works differently. You can open web results and images within the app, but there isn't an option for accessing Drive. Additionally, you can add footnote citations in the MLA, APA, and Chicago formats on computers. You can only hyperlink to the source page on the mobile app.
The Google Docs Explore feature isn't the same as Google Fact Check Explorer . Explore assists you in conducting research within Docs instead of switching between windows or tabs. Fact Check Explorer helps you confirm facts and review debunked information on the internet. Explore is part of the G Suite apps and exists in Google Slides and Sheets, but the tool works differently in each application. Fact Check is part of Google's Fact Check Tools.
Explore in Docs doesn't exempt you from copyright laws. Always have permission to use material you source online. That way, you don't infringe on the owner's copyright. Copyright infringement makes you liable for fines or damages to the owner.
How to insert web results into Docs with Explore tool
You can use Explore in Google Docs to browse web results pages via your computer, mobile phone, and tablet. The browser application opens web pages in a new tab and displays the full content. Use the mobile app to see the entire web page without leaving Docs.
Insert web results into Docs on computers
- Launch Docs in Google Chrome and open a document.
- Press Ctrl + Alt + Shift + I on your keyboard if you don't see the icon.
- After opening a web page, copy and paste what you need into your document in Docs.
Insert web results into Docs on smartphones and tablets
- Open a document in the Docs app.
- Tap the pen button to enter Editing mode.
- Select Explore .
- Select a search result to view it in full.
- To copy and paste information, long press a word on the web page to highlight it. Then, drag the tiny circles down to your desired point.
- Tap Insert , and Docs adds the highlighted text to your document.
- Tap Insert and Docs adds the hyperlinked text to your document.
How to insert images into Docs with Explore tool
You can insert an image into Docs by clicking the + icon or dragging and dropping it from the Explore sidebar into your document. On mobile devices, tap an image, then select Insert to include it. The mobile and web apps display commercial images with modification permissions as the top results.
Visit the image's web page for more license information before using it.
Insert images into Docs with the Explore tool on computers
- Click the Explore icon or press Ctrl + Alt + Shift + I on your keyboard to open the sidebar.
- Type a keyword and search or select variations from under Topics .
- Click Insert to add the picture to your document.
How to view Google Drive content in Docs with Explore tool
Explore accesses existing documents in your Drive account, a feature that isn't available on the mobile app. When you click a Drive document, it opens in a new browser tab where you can copy and paste parts of it into your document or gather ideas. You can't drag and drop or insert it into your current document.
- On your computer, click the Explore icon or press Ctrl + Alt + Shift + I to open the sidebar.
- Use the search bar to enter a keyword or select related variations under Topics.
- Click a document to open it in a new browser tab.
- Copy and paste the parts you need into your current document.
- Return to your first document and highlight some text. Then press Ctrl + K on your keyboard.
- Press Ctrl + V to paste the link into the search bar.
How to use suggestions in Google Docs with Explore tool
The more text you type in a document, the more Explore offers suggestions. If your document is blank, the tool doesn't show tips. You see a prompt to create smarter documents in the sidebar. For the best chances of getting suggestions, highlight your entire document before opening Explore on computers. Highlighting text before using the tool on mobile devices takes you to the search results for websites and images, so don't use it if you need suggestions.
Explore offers the following types of suggestions:
- Topics : Explore picks keywords from your document and displays them in the right sidebar. Click any of the variations to search related topics.
- Images : Explore finds relevant pictures you can add to your document.
- Related research : Explore shows the top related research from experts or websites relating to your topic.
Use Explore suggestions in Docs on computers
- Press Ctrl + A on your keyboard to highlight the entire document.
- Click the Explore icon or press Ctrl + Alt + Shift + I to open the sidebar.
- Under Topics , click a keyword to search for related topics. Click More for extra keyword selections.
- Under Related Research , click a results page to open it in a new browser tab. Click More to view extra research results.
Use Explore suggestions in Docs on smartphones and tablets
- Tap the three-dot icon .
- Under Images , tap a picture to view its information. Then select Insert .
- Under Related Research , tap a result to view the web page in full. Tap the link icon to insert it as a hyperlink in Docs.
Google Docs' Explore helps you do basic research
Google Docs Explore offers shortcuts that eliminate the need to open many browser tabs. But that's as far as the tool's functionality goes. If you need something solid and analytical, try Google Pinpoint .
Pinpoint offers broader research capabilities, such as filtering thousands of documents, interviews, images, emails, handwritten notes, and audio files for your detailed research. You can also store your findings in one place and collaborate with third parties. However, you must request access from Google to use it and pay for a pricing plan.
How to Annotate in Google Slides While You Present
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By annotating in Google Slides when you present, your presentations will be more engaging, interactive and impactful.
Google added a pen tool to let a presenter add marks on Google Slides; the pen joins the laser pointer option as a way to draw attention to parts of your presentation. While laser pointer lines disappear soon after you draw them, pen marks persist while you present and go away when you exit the slideshow.
The pen and laser pointer tools help you direct attention or emphasize a point; however, only the pen tool makes it possible to draw on your slides as you present. And, since the annotations remain on the slides only for the duration of your presentation, you may use the pen to add information that you might not want to otherwise permanently place on a slide.
This tutorial covers how to use the pen tool in Google Slides when you present from the web or Apple mobile devices. If you want to deliver a drawing-centric presentation using another Google tool, Jamboard is worth exploring.
How to use the pen in Google Slides
How to change the pen color in google slides, how to erase pen annotations in google slides, how to draw on google slides in the mobile apps, want to preserve annotation or collaboration explore jamboard.
Initially, explore the methodical way to access the pen when you present. This sequence exposes a variety of other Google Slides controls, such as access to speaker notes, captioning and auto-play options.
- Open your presentation with Google Slides in a web browser.
- Select the Slideshow button in the upper-right area.
- Select the three dot button to access the options menu in the lower-left, next to the slide advance indicator.
- Select the Turn On The Pen option ( Figure A ).
With the pen enabled, you may click-and-hold to draw with a mouse or touchpad, or with a stylus on a touchscreen device. The entire screen, aside from the control area in the lower-left, can serve as your canvas. In the event your slides don’t fill the screen, such as when you present 4:3 format slides on a 16:9 screen, you may make marks in the margins. Just make sure to use a color that contrasts with the display background — a black pen on a black background won’t leave a visible mark.
Later, learn the keyboard shortcut to toggle the pen: Shift+L. One memory aid for this is to recall that the L key toggles the laser (starts with L) pointer while presenting with Google Slides. So the pen toggle is the laser key plus Shift.
The presentation pen is red by default, but you may switch it to black, blue or green at any time. To do so, follow these steps.
- Move the mouse into the lower left corner area. The presentation controls will display.
- Select the pen icon to access the pen menu.
- Select any of the four available colors: Red, Black, Blue or Green ( Figure B ). The menu also offers a Turn Off option.
- Return to drawing on your slides as desired.
Your annotations only remain on your slides when you present; if you exit the presentation, they’ll automatically be removed. Alternatively, you may remove all annotations by pressing Shift+A at any time.
If the pen is active, you may also access the eraser icon from the pen menu by following these steps.
- Select the eraser icon to access the erase menu.
- Select Erase All ( Figure C ). All of the pen marks you have made throughout your presentation will be erased.
When you present from Google Slides to Google Meet with the mobile apps on iPhone or iPad, a pen icon displays at the top of the display ( Figure D , top). Select it and you may draw in red on the slide. Tap the Clear drawing button at the bottom ( Figure D , bottom) to remove your annotations.
Unlike when you present from the web, your annotations do not persist as you move between slides; they disappear as soon as you move to another slide. (The draw feature is not available when presenting from Google Slides to Google Meet on Android.)
Google Jamboard allows you to give something closer to an old-school chalk talk, which is a talk delivered by a presenter accompanied only by text or illustrations drawn on a chalkboard, without prepared slides. You technically could give this type of talk with a blank slide in Google Slides and the pen tool, but Jamboard offers a more robust set of tools for drawing.
SEE: How to use five Jamboard features to create, illustrate and collaborate (TechRepublic)
To get started, access the Whiteboarding tool in Google Meet by going to Activities | Whiteboarding or go to https://jam.new in a modern browser. Jamboard lets more people draw simultaneously (up to 50, rather than just the presenter in Google Slides), with more pen options (four, rather than one in Slides) and more pen colors (six, rather than four in Google Slides) ( Figure E ). The Jamboard eraser lets you erase lines, not just all annotations as in Google Slides. Jamboard also lets you quickly add shapes, images and notes.
However, be aware that Google has announced that Jamboard will wind down in late 2024, so you will need to seek an alternative before then.
Mention or message me ( @awolber ) on Mastodon to let me know how you use the pen and laser pointer in Google Slides to annotate your presentations or how well Jamboard serves your drawing-centric presentation needs.
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Add GIFs and stickers in Google Slides
What’s changing, getting started .
- Admins: There is no admin control for this feature.
- End users: To add GIFs to your slides, create a new presentation or open an existing presentation > go to Insert > Image > GIFs and stickers > search for GIFs and/or stickers > click on one or several to insert into slides. Visit the Help Center to learn more about inserting or deleting images & videos .
- Rapid Release domains: Gradual rollout (up to 15 days for feature visibility) starting on November 6, 2023
- Scheduled Release domains: Gradual rollout (up to 15 days for feature visibility) starting on November 28, 2023
- Available to all Google Workspace customers and users with personal Google Accounts
- Google Help: Insert or delete images & videos
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